The diet needed for a diabetes patient depends on your present weight and your type of daily activity.
If you are obese or overweight with a sedentary profession (desk job), you require about 1200 to 1400 k calories per day. If your work involves manual labour, you will require about 1800 to 2600 kilo cals per day. These have to be divided among carbohydrates(carbs), fat and protein as below:
Carbs : Should give about 60% of the required calories. Sugar/ honey is to be avoided but starch (as in grains, potatoes etc.) is allowed. 1gm of carbs give approximately 4kcals of energy
Fat : should provide less than 35% of the daily requirement of calories. 1 gm of fat gives approx 8 kcals.
Proteins : Proteins should provide 10- 15% of the daily requirement of calories and should not exceed 1gm/Kg of your weight. For example, if you weigh 60 kg, you are allowed a maximum of 60gms of protein. 1 gm of protein gives aprox 4 kilo cals.
Foods to be avoided at all costs
- Sweetened sodas: Coke ,Pepsi, Sprite etc. Diet/ zero cal sodas are OK
- Candy, cakes ,ice cream, cookies etc.
- Very sweet fruits like table grapes, mangoes, custard apples, bananas etc.
A food pyramid (by ADA)is a good guide to make your diet plan for the day.
A sample menu for a 1400 kcal diet is
Breakfast – 524 kcal
2 scrambled eggs
2 tbsp crunchy peanut butter
2 slices whole grain toast
Morning Snack – 120 kcal
6 oz non fat plain Greek yogurt
1/4 cup mixed berries
Lunch – 150 kcal
Beef vegetable soup ( 1 cup )
Afternoon snack – 97 kcal
1/2 cup baby carrots
2 tbsp hummus
Evening Snack – 75 kcal
1 medium red apple
Dinner – 434 kcal
Salmon ( 4 oz )
1 1/2 cupps egg noodles
1/2 tbsp poppy seeds
Are you allowed to drink with diabetes?
American Diabetes association recommends up to 2 drinks a day for men and not more than 1 drink per day for women.(One drink is equal to a 12 oz beer, 5 oz glass of wine or 1 ½ oz distilled spirits (vodka, whiskey, gin, etc.)). Remember, alcohol adds to calorie intake and additives to drinks(juice/coke/ cream etc. add further to the amount of calories consumed. An equivalent amount of food calories would have to be cut from your food.